Boloch or Bolosh, Balakata baccata

Boloch or Bolosh (Balakata baccata, family: Euphorbiaceae) is an large-sized evergreen tree with glabrous body, attaining a height of 30 m. Petiole and young leaves are reddish. Bark is grey. It is found in the hilly areas of Chattogram and Sylhet division in Bangladesh. It is also found in some countries of South and Southeast Asia. 

Other names: Chotomol, Kalabel, Kalagota, Koilan, Bila, Billa.

Leaves are eye-catching, elliptic-lanceolate, 8-20 cm long and 4-10 cm wide, alternate, acute or blunt. Midrib and veins clearly visible. The midrib starts slightly away from the base. Reddish petioles are 2-10 cm long. 

Flowers in terminal inflorescence, yellowish, nice smelling. These are andromonoecious (having male and bisexual flowers in same plant). Flowering occurs in spring. 

Fruit is berry, subglobose, fleshy, tastes sweet. These mature in late autumn. Birds love the fruits very much. Seeds 1-2.

It is tall and nicely crowned tree and can be planted as ornamental one in parks and gardens as well as avenue tree. Its wood is durable and can be used to make furniture. 

Synonyms: Carumbium baccatum, Excoecaria affinis, Excoecaria baccata, Sapium baccatum, Sapium dacdece, Sapium hexandrum, Sapium populifolium, Stillingia baccata, Stillingia paniculata 


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