Chapalish or Chaplash, Artocarpus chama
Chapalish or Chaplash (Artocarpus chama, family: Moraceae) is a large-sized deciduous tree with buttressed base and milky latex, attaining a height of 30 m. Bark is brownish. Trunk is straight. The characteristics of the fruit is exactly like Jackfruit, but much smaller and rounder in size. It is cultivated for its fruit and wood somewhere. It is mainly found in the hilly forests of Chattogram and Chattogram Hill Tracts and Sylhet division as well as the forest of Madhupur of Tangail district. Its original home is Indian subcontinent.
Other names: Chambol, Chambul, Cham-kathal, Kanthali-cham, Cham-phol.
Leaves are obovate, hairy, dark green 12-18 cm long and 12-16 cm wide, petioled, alternate, edge slightly undulated. The texture of veins and midribs are hard and clearly visible. In young plants leaves are mulilobed and large, can be up to 90 cm long, which is quite different from the mature plants.
Fruit is syncarp (fruits bound in numerous chambers in the same covering), globose or subglobose, tuberculate, heavy, 8-10 cm wide. The edible fruit is sour in taste, but has a slightly sweet taste. Seeds can be eaten fried just like Jackfruit. Fruit matures in June-July. It is propagated by seeds.
Bark, leaf, seed, root are used in diarrhoea, skin diseases, asthma, ulcers etc. Wood is a precious one. It is used to make furniture and sleepers of railway. Its fruits are very favourite of Elephants and Monkeys.
Synonyms: Artocarpus asperulus, Artocarpus chaplasha, Artocarpus melinoxylus, Ficus chrysophthalma, Urostigma chrysopthalmum, Saccus calophyllus, Saccus chaplasha
Other species of Moraceae family described on this site