Daruchini or True cinnamon tree, Cinnamomum verum

Daruchini or True cinnamon tree (Cinnamomum verum, family: Lauraceae) is a medium-sized evergreen tree with profuge foliage. The tree is bushy in nature. Bark is grey and rough. It is famous for its spectacular brilliant red leaves. Strongly scented bark is used as spice. 

It is cultivated widely in China, Java and Sumatra. It is found in Hill Tracts in Bangladesh as a commercial pllant. As an ornamental plant, it is also found in parks, gardens and botanical gardens in the country. It is originated from Sri Lanka.

Aromatic leaves are green, glabrous, slightly hard and thin with three strong parallel nerves; ovate-lanceolate, opposite or almost opposite. Young leaves are very beautiful and these are gorgeous red in color.

Flowers are very small, pale brown, borne on compound umbel. Flowering occurs at the end of winter.

Fruit is Ovoid-oblong, 1.5-2 cm long, slightly fleshy, deep purple when ripen. The tree is propagated by seeds and cuttings. 

Bark is used in fever, skin diseases, tooth and bronchial problems. It removes odour from mouth.


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