Showing posts from August, 2016

Modhu-monjori, Rangoon creeper, Combretum indicum

Modhu-monjori or Rangoon creeper (combretum indicum, family: combretaceae) is a extensive woody perennial creeper with red flower clusters. The ornamental vine is native to South and Southeast Asia, specially to Indian subcontinent and Myanmar. The woody climber can reach a length up to 8 m.

Common names: Modhu-monjori, Madhuri-lota, Rangoon creeper, Chinese honeysuckle.

Flowers are originally red, slightly scented, corolla tubular, petals 5. Flowers bloom mainly in summer and rains. Leaves are green, rough, opposite, ovate, apex acuminate, edge wavy, 6-14 cm long and 3-6 cm wide. With the change of time the white flower becomes pink and then it turns red. Friuts are elliptical, 5-winged, dark brown in color. The Bangla name of the flower (Modhu-monjori, madhuri-lota) is named by Rabindranath Tagore.

It is grown in garden  as ornamental flower plant in Bangladesh. Leaves, roots and seeds are used in skin diseas, worm, stomach disorder, cough, arthritis, asthma and sexual problem. Pro…

Lota futki, Balloon plant, cardiospermum halicacabum

Lota futki, Balloon plant (cardiospermum halicacabum, family: sapindaceae) a large creeper with wiry stems, climbing other trees with tendrils, sometimes completely covering the host. The climber is native to tropical and subtropical Africa and Asia. Fruits are 3-seeded. Each seed have a heart-shaped mark at the top.

Common names: Lota futki, Balloon plant, Balloon vine, Love in a puff.

Flowering and budding occurs round the year. Flowers are very small, greenish white. The plant grows on fallow land as weed in Bangladesh. It is used in rheumatism, constipation, urinary and menstrual disorder. Leaves are compound, ternate, lanceolate, lobed or serrated, 4-8 cm long. Fruit is triangular, 1.5-4 cm wide, hairy and black when ripe. Calyx develop into the coat of fruit.

The love-seeds!

Kanchira, Bengal dayflower, commelina benghalensis

Kanchira, Bengal dayflower (commelina benghalensis, family: commelinaceae) is an annual herb with swollen nodes. It is native to tropical Asia and Africa. 

Common names: Kanchira, Bengal dayflower, Tropical spiderwort.

Nil bonolota, Bengal trumpet, thunbergia grandiflora

Nil bonolota or Bengal trumpet (thunbergia grandiflora, family: acanthaceae) is a vigorous perennial climber. The climber is native to Indian subcontinent as well as Southeast Asia. 

Common names: Nil lota, Nil bonolota, Bengal clockvine, Bengal trumpet, Blue thunbergia.

Lojjaboti, Touch me not, mimosa pudica

Lojjaboti or Touch me not (family: fabaceae) mimosa pudica is a annual or perennial woody and creeping herb. The prickly herb is native to South America. Nowadays it is found throughout the tropical world as well as South and Southeast Asia. 

Common names: Lojjaboti, Touch me not, Sensitive plant, Sleepy plant, Shy plant.

Hongsho lota, Calico flower, aristolochia littoralis

Hongsho lota or Calico flower (aristolochia littoralis, family: aristolochiaceae) is an extensive climber with woody and slender stem. It can attain a height of 3-6 m. The plant is native to South America. 

Common names: Hongsho lota, Calico flower, Elegant Dutchman's pipe.

Flower is solitary, 6-8 cm across, violet inner side, hollow at the bottom, looking like swan. Insects are often trapped inside the pungent smelled flowers.

Horitoki, Chebulic myrobalan, terminalia chebula

Horitoki or Chebulic myrobalan (terminalia chebula, family: combretaceae) is a medium to large-sized slow growing deciduous tree with branches. The species is native to South and Southeast Asia. In Bangladesh, it is found in Chittangong, Chittagong hill tracts, Sylhet and Mymensingh area. 

Common names: Horitoki, Chebulic myrobalan, Black chebulic myrobalan.

Chalta, Elephant apple, dillenia indica

Chalta or Elephant apple (family: dilleniaceae) is an evergreen tree with branches attaining a height of about 10 m. In Bangladesh, the flower of dillenia indica a iconic flower of  rainy season. This beautiful tree is native to South and Southeast Asia.

Common names: Chalta, Elephant apple.

Rose cactus, pereskia bleo

Rose cactus (pereskia bleo, famiy: cactaceae) is a bushy shrub or small tree from Cactus family with deep green foliage and spiny stems. Rose cactus is one of the most attractive flowers of the tropical world. The plant can reach a height of 3 m. It is native to Central America.

Common names: Rose cactus, Leaf cactus, Desert rose.

Dhaira, loranthus globosus

Dhaira (loranthus globosus, family: loranthaceae) is a parasitic plant with hard and blackish violet thick and strong stem. The plant is native to Southern Asia.

Common names: Dhaira, Mistletoe.