Showing posts from August, 2016

Modhu-monjor ori Rangoon creeper, Combretum indicum

Modhu-monjori or Rangoon creeper (combretum indicum, family: combretaceae) is a extensive woody perennial creeper with red flower clusters. The ornamental vine is native to South and Southeast Asia, specially to Indian subcontinent and Myanmar. The woody climber can reach a length up to 8 m.

Common names: Modhu-monjori, Madhuri-lota, Rangoon creeper, Chinese honeysuckle.

Flowers are originally red, slightly scented, corolla tubular, petals 5. Flowers bloom mainly in summer and rains. Leaves are green, rough, opposite, ovate, apex acuminate, edge wavy, 6-14 cm long and 3-6 cm wide. With the change of time the white flower becomes pink and then it turns red. Fruits are elliptical, 5-winged, dark brown in color. The Bangla name of the flower (Modhu-monjori, madhuri-lota) is named by Rabindranath Tagore.

It is grown in garden  as ornamental flower plant in Bangladesh. Leaves, roots and seeds are used in skin disease, worm, stomach disorder, cough, arthritis, asthma and sexual problem. Pro…

Lota futki or Balloon plant, cardiospermum halicacabum

Lota futki or Balloon plant (cardiospermum halicacabum, family: sapindaceae) a large creeper with wiry stems, climbing other trees with tendrils, sometimes completely covering the host. The climber is native to tropical and subtropical Africa and Asia. Fruits are 3-seeded. Each seed have a heart-shaped mark at the top.

Common names: Lota futki, Balloon plant, Balloon vine, Love in a puff.

Flowering and budding occurs round the year. Flowers are very small, greenish white. The plant grows on fallow land as weed in Bangladesh. It is used in rheumatism, constipation, urinary and menstrual disorder. Leaves are compound, ternate, lanceolate, lobed or serrated, 4-8 cm long. Fruit is triangular, 1.5-4 cm wide, hairy and black when ripe. Calyx develop into the coat of fruit.

The love-seeds!

Kanchira or Bengal dayflower, commelina benghalensis

Kanchira or Bengal dayflower (commelina benghalensis, family: commelinaceae) is an annual herb with swollen nodes. It is native to tropical Asia and Africa. 

Common names: Kanchira, Bengal dayflower, Tropical spiderwort.

Leaves are green, alternate, simple, 10-15 cm long, with prominent sheath. Inflorescence arises from the axil of a foliage leaf.

Flower is blue, small, sepals 3, petals 3. It blooms in August-September. Propagation of the plant is caused by seeds. 

It grows as a weed on fallow land in Bangladesh.

Its juice is applied as antiseptic on cut or burning injury. Root is used in headache, fever and leprosy. Knot of stem is used to prevent sterility.

Nil bonolota, Bengal trumpet, thunbergia grandiflora

Nil bonolota or Bengal trumpet (thunbergia grandiflora, family: acanthaceae) is a vigorous perennial climber. The climber is native to Indian subcontinent as well as Southeast Asia. 

Common names: Nil lota, Nil bonolota, Bengal clock vine, Bengal trumpet, Blue thunbergia.

Flowers are big, pale blue, on pendulous racemes. Sepals 5, petals 5.

Flower-buds of thunbergia grandiflora.

Leaves are angularly cordate and lobed, rough on both surfaces, 10-16 cm long.

The plant in its original habitat, Khoiachhora, Mirshorai

It continuously produces flowers in summer through rainy season. It is grown on fence, pergola or wall in Bangladesh. Root of the plant counteracts poison of snake. Leaf juice is stomachic.

Propagation of the plant is caused by cuttings.

Lojjaboti, Touch me not, mimosa pudica

Lojjaboti or Touch me not (mimosa pudica, family: fabaceae) is a annual or perennial woody and creeping herb. The prickly herb is native to South America. Nowadays it is found throughout the tropical world as well as South and Southeast Asia. 

Common names: Lojjaboti, Touch me not, Sensitive plant, Sleepy plant, Shy plant.

Leaves are very sensitive─a slight touch instantly causes them to unfurl and shrink. The Bangla name (Lojjaboti) has been derived from this special attribute.

Leaves are pinnately compound, pinnae 2 pairs, blade 8 pairs, linear, opposite, looking like feather.

Flowers are small, pinkish in color, clustered as head.
The plant is used to prepare medicine for dysentery, piles, constipation, snake poison, arthritis and toothache. It helps to stop abnormal blood emission due to abortion.

Friut is a pod, 1-3 cm long. 2-7 prickly pods consists in a cluster. Hard coated seeds are pale brown.

Propagation of the plant is caused by seeds.

Mimosa pudica usually prefers shady ar…

Hongsho lota, Calico flower, aristolochia littoralis

Hongsho lota or Calico flower (aristolochia littoralis, family: aristolochiaceae) is an extensive climber with woody and slender stem. It can attain a height of 3-6 m. The plant is native to South America. 

Common names: Hongsho lota, Calico flower, Elegant Dutchman's pipe.

Flower is solitary, 6-8 cm across, violet inner side, hollow at the bottom, looking like swan. Insects are often trapped inside the pungent smelled flowers.

Horitoki, Chebulic myrobalan, terminalia chebula

Horitoki or Chebulic myrobalan (terminalia chebula, family: combretaceae) is a medium to large-sized slow growing deciduous tree with branches. The species is native to South and Southeast Asia. In Bangladesh, it is found in Chittangong, Chittagong hill tracts, Sylhet and Mymensingh area. 

Common names: Horitoki, Chebulic myrobalan, Black chebulic myrobalan.

Chalta, Elephant apple, dillenia indica

Chalta or Elephant apple (family: dilleniaceae) is an evergreen tree with branches attaining a height of about 10 m. In Bangladesh, the flower of dillenia indica a iconic flower of  rainy season. This beautiful tree is native to South and Southeast Asia.

Common names: Chalta, Elephant apple.

Mom golap or Rose cactus, pereskia bleo

Mom golap or Rose cactus (pereskia bleo, famiy: cactaceae) is a bushy shrub or small tree from Cactus family with deep green foliage and spiny stems. Rose cactus is one of the most attractive flowers of the tropical world. The plant can reach a height of 3 m. It is native to Central America.
Common names: Rose cactus, Wax rose, Leaf cactus, Desert rose
Flower has spreading petals, vivid orange in color, 4-6 cm in diameter. Numerous stamens surrounded the pistil at the center of the flower. 

The fleshy and shiny leaves are elliptic-oblong or lanceolate, 16-20 cm long and 2-7 cm broad.

The edible fruits are spherical. It turns yellow when ripe. If snapped, its stem emits a kind of white sap. 

In Bangladesh, it is planted in parks and gardens and road-islands as a decorative flowering plant.

It is propagated by cutting or grafting. It is sometimes called the Cactus rose.

Dhaira or Chhoto manda, loranthus globosus

Dhaira or Chhoto manda (loranthus globosus, family: loranthaceae) is a parasitic plant with hard and blackish violet thick and strong stem. The plant is native to Southern Asia.

Common names: Dhaira, Chhoto manda, Mistletoe.

Flowers are small, red-yellow, tubular, borne on long inflorescence. Flower usually blooms in summer, but It can seen throughout the year. 

Fruit is round, fleshy and red or orange in color when ripe.  

In Bangladesh, loranthus globosus usually chooses MahoganyHoritoki, Rubber fig and Mango tree as host plants.

Leaves are simple, green, petioled, ovate-oblong, alternate, 10-12 cm long and 5-6 wide. Leaves usually have a blunt end. Leaf veins ‍and midribs are reddish, clearly visible. 

The plant sometimes weakens and kills the host.