Showing posts from July, 2016

Muktajhuri, Indian acalypha, Acalypha indica

Muktajhuri orIndian acalypha(Acalypha indica, family: Euphorbiaceae) is an annual herb attaining a height of below 1 m. It is found in Tropical Africa, South and Southeast Asia.    

Common names: Muktajhuri, Indian acalypha, Three-seeded mercury.

Leaves are green, oval-shaped, serrated with hairs. Pedicel is 2.5-4 cm long.

Flowers are very small, greenish in color, embedded in round bract. Flower and fruit appear almost round the year. Seeds are small and round.

In Bangladesh, it is found in fallow land and road. Propagation of the plant is caused by seeds.

Sotthi, zedoary, Curcuma zedoaria

Sotthi or Zedoary (Curcuma zedoaria, family: Zingiberaceae) is a perennial herb with underground tubers. It is native to South and Southeast Asia.  
Common names: Zedoary, White turmeric.

Leaves arise from the tubers. Leaves are glabrous, 1-2 m long, narrow at the petiole.

Inflorescence is about 50 cm long. Flowers are yellow, white and violet mixed, surrounded by greenish and reddish bract. Flower blooms in spring and summer.

Its rhizome is used to prepare medicine for fever, diarrhoea, worm, tumour and enlargement of the spleen.

Propagation is caused by the division of tubers. It is found in rural areas and Shala-forests of Bangladesh.

Boronukha or Leaf pondweed, monochoria hastata

Boronukha or Leaf pondweed (monochoria hastata, family: pontederiaceae) is a water herb attaining a height of 1.5 m. It is found in ponds, diches, canals and other water bodies of South and Southeast Asia and Australia.

Common names: Boronukha, Leaf pondweed, Arrowleaf falsepickerelweed, Arrow leaf pondweed, arrow-leaf monochoria.

Leaves of the aquatic plant come out from stem. They are cordate or triangular, green, glabrous, apex acute, petiole long and linear.

Clusters of blue flowers (20- 55) grow from leaf axil. Petals 5. Flower blooms mainly in autumn.

The fruit is a capsule, 5-7 mm long, and 4-7 mm wide. It can be planted as an ornamental water plant in garden or park.

In Bangladesh, the plant is seen throughout the water bodies of rural areas along with Lotus and Water lilies. Its root is used in tooth pain and bark in asthma.

Bishkatali or Pale persicaria, Persicaria lapathifolia

Bishkatali or Pale persicaria (Persicaria lapathifolia, family: Polygonaceae) is an annual herb attaining a height of 1-2.5 m. The plant is found throughout the tropical world. It is a very common weed in Bangladesh. It mostly grows on lowland and on the edge of ponds and canals.

Common names: Bishkatali, Pale Persicaria.

Leaves are green, glabrous, ovate-oblong, 7-18 cm and 5-8 cm wide, apex, acute, bottom part whitish, petiole 6-8 cm long. Stem, leaf and inflorescence of persicaria orientalis are covered with dense hair. 

Numerous small flowers grow on terminal inflorescence. The plant is propagated by seeds. Leaves and roots are used to relieve physical pain.

Kodom, Neolamarckia cadamba

Kodom or Kadam (Neolamarckiacadamba, family: Rubiaceae) is a tall fast growing deciduous tree with horizontal and spiral branches attaining a height of 15-20 m. The beautiful tree is native to South and Southeast Asia. This tree is closely associated with Radha-Sri Krishna. It is frequently mentioned in Bengali and Sanskrit literature. Its Sanskrit name is Kadamba.

Common names: Kadam, Burflower-tree.

Leaves are 12-22 cm long, elliptic oblong, dark glossy green above, alternative. Leaves have conspicuous veins.

Flower blooms in rainy season. 

Flowers are borne on head, terimnal, single. Flower receptacle contains innumberable florets, white and yellow mixed. Flowers are strongly-scented. A kind of awkward smell comes out from the falling flowers though.

It is planted in the villages for its dense shade.

Its timber is soft and used as firewood. It is also used to make match and packing box. Bark and leaves are useful in children's sore of mouth. It is also used to drive odour of mo…