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Shapla or Water Lily, Nymphaea pubescens

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Shapla or Water Lily (Nymphaea pubescens, family: Nymphaeceae) is a common water plant and national flower of Bangladesh. The plant grows from underwater soil. It is found in ponds, canals, beels and jheels along with Kolmi-lota, Keshordam, Chondromala, Chandmala, Maloncho, Jhajhidam and other Lilies in the country. The lovely aquatic plant is also found in Indian subcontinent as well as Southeast Asia. 

Petiole is very very long : 60-70 cm. Leaves are round or ovate, floating on water, 15-45 cm long, edge dentate and wavy, upper side bright green and lower side reddish violet

Flower is white, bluish white or bluish viiolet. Sepals 4, elliptical-ovate, persistent, 3-9 cm long, outer side green, vertically striped; inner side bluish white. Numerous stamens surrounded the pistil at the centre of flower.

Flower usually blooms at night during rainy season. Fruit is globose, glabrous, with granular seeds inside.


It is used in dysentery, cough, vomiting, fever, gall and heart diseases. It he…