Showing posts from October, 2017

Lal verenda, jatropha gossypifolia

Lal verenda (jatropha gossypifolia, family : euphorbiaceae) is a shrub with adhesive on whole body attaining a height of 1-2 m. The plant's whole body-color is reddish and its young leaves are the same. For this reason it is called Lal verenda in Bangla.

Leaves are palmately compound, 3-lobbed, each 10-2 cm long, blackish red (matures are greenish), viscose, long petioled. Flower blooms in rainy season. They are small, red, clustered in terminal panicle. Sepals 5, petals 5.

Immature fruit is green, yellow when ripe, 3-chambered. Propagation of the plant is caused by seeds. The plant is full of herbal qualities. Oil extracted from it is used in pain. 

Genus name gossypifolia means cotton-like leaves.

Keshordam, ludwigia adscendens

Keshordam (ludwigia adscendens, family: onagraceae) is a floating herb with soft and juicy stem. It grows on water or on the edge of water bodies. A kind of spongy root gives it the facility of floating on water.

Leaves are shinny green, broadly oblong-elliptic, glabrous, alternate, 2.5-5 cm long, apex obtuse. Flowers are white, petals 5, wide open, bottom yellow, stamens 8. Flowers bloom in the rainy season. 

Propagation of the plant is caused by seed and cutting. In Bangladesh the plant is found in ponds, canals, beels and jheels along with Shapla, Kolmilota and Chadmala. It is used in epilepsy, hysteria and other neurotic and nervous diseases.

The aquatic plant is also found in South and Southeast Asia.