Bangladesh is a rich land of biodiversity. About 6000 species of plants are gathered in such a small area of 147570 sq km.
We are trying to introduce the flora of Bangladesh in a pack from the naturalist view, not from the eye of plant-expert. For this, there will be some unwanted mistakes.
Needless to say, pics used in this site are all original. The information is gathered here from the personal notes, collected books and from different websites.
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Ashoth, Bodhi tree, ficus religiosa
Ashoth, Ashwatha or Bodhi tree (ficus religiosa, family: moraceae) is a gigantic and very aggressive tree. This deciduous tree holds well-spread crown & has irregularly shaped trunk. The tree is originally found in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand. It is
introduced to Israel and USA.
Common names: Bodhi tree, Pippala, Peepal, Ashwattha.
In Ramna Park (Dhaka) a centennial Oshoth tree is the center of attraction of the festival of Pohela Boishakh (Bangla new year) arranged by Chhayanaut.
During the festival of Pohela Boishakh.
Deciduous ficus religiosa gives reddish new foliage in the spring (March).
Fruits are fig, develop in pair on leaf axil, sessile, sub-globose, depressed & pink when ripe. Small unisexual flowers remain inside fig.
It can grow everywhere in Bangladesh. It can be found on roof or window-shade of a building, in waterside area, on roadside or a huge trunk or stem of a tree.
New leaves are gorgeous, reddish in color.
Leaves are alternate, broad-ovate, 10-20 cm long with acuminate apex and undulate margin, shiny above, petiole 7-10 cm long.
Almost every parts of ficus
religiosa have medicinal properties. It is used in rheumatism, sexual weakness, plethora and sore.
The seeds are dispersed easily by birds, bats or by other creatures. This time the tree has chosen a giant albizia richardiana as its host plant.
Ficus religiosa spreads its root aggressively on the host litchi tree.
The tree has nice looking spreading crown.
The large tree is planted on both sides of the street for its dense shadow. As an ornamental tree it is also planted in parks and gardens.