Kamela or Monkey-face tree, mallotus philippensis

Kamela or Monkey-face tree (mallotus philippensis, family: euphorbiaceae ) is a small-sized tree, usually 8-12 m in height. The bark of the evergreen tree is grey, smooth and wrinkled. Young shoot, leaves and inflorescence are covered with rust-colored hair. The tree is found everywhere in Bangladesh. It is also found in South and Southeast Asia.


Other names: Shinduri, Kamala, Kapila, Komolaguli. 


Leaves are simple, green, alternate, petioled, ovate-lanceolate, edge slightly undulated, acuminate at the apex, 8-20 cm long and 3-6 cm wide. The lower side of the leaves contain many glands. Petiole is 1-8 cm long and has a pair of gland at the bottom.


Flowers are small, reddish brown, borne on spike inflorescence. Male and female flowers bloom on separate inflorescences. 

Fruit is a capsule, globose, having three lobes, covered with red powdery substance, almost 1 cm in diameter. Seeds are blackish, subglobose. 


Flowers and fruits are found almost throughout the year. The tree is propagated by seeds. The powder collected from fruit is used in killing intestinal worm. Red color is collected from fruits, roots and flowers and it is used to dye cloth. 


Bark is a source of tannin. Wood is used as fuel. Match-boxes can be made from it.