Guloncho, Heart-leaved moonseed, Tinospora cordifolia

Guloncho or Heart-leaved moonseed (Tinospora cordifolia, family: Menispermaceae) is a deciduous creeper with hard and long stem, climbing other trees or fences. Bark on the stem is as thin as paper. Aerial roots come out of the stem when the plant grows older. The plant is found everywhere in Bangladesh except southern part. It is also native to South and Southeast Asia. 


Common names: Heart-leaved moonseed, Guduchi, Giloy, Guloncho, Guroncho, Padma guloncho.


Leaves are simple, green, alternate, cordate, 6-15 cm long and 5-13 cm wide. 



Inflorescence, growing from the axil of leaflet branches, bears yellow flowers. Male and female flowers bloom separately. Sepals 6, arranged in two rows, petal 6, pistils 3.


Fruit is a drupe, brilliant red when ripe. This attractive fruit is inedible to human.     
                                                   
 What an extensive climber!

Tinospora cordifolia is used in weakness, tastelessness, rheumatism, sore, abnormal heartbeat, chronic fever, cough and sexual diseases.

Comments

  1. what is the difference between the T. cordifolia and T. crispa

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks for your comments. T. crispa has numerous characteristic protrudes on its stem but T. cordifolia hasn't. Vein and midrib of leaves of T. crispa are very prominent than T. cordifolia. The ripe fruits of cordifolia is more darker than crispa. First one is vivid red & the other one is orange in color.

      Delete
  2. Replies
    1. Girish bhai,

      Salaam. It would be much more attractive and appropriate if you could give us some names of Institutes that teach about Nature {flora and fauna} :)

      I hope you will start spreading words and knowledge about nature in your area; our children are becoming robots, without natures database and only longing for wealth of mundane matters...

      Wish you a happy and safe life.

      Abdullah Rakeeb
      Dhaka
      Bangladesh

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  5. Tinospora cordifolia is used for diabetes, high cholesterol, allergic rhinitis (hay fever), upset stomach, gout, lymphoma and other cancers, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), hepatitis, peptic ulcer disease (PUD), fever, gonorrhea, syphilis, and to boost the immune system. https://www.blackmoor.co.uk

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