Holud hurhuri, Asian spider flower, Cleome viscosa

Holud hurhuri or Asian spider flower (Cleome viscosa, family: Cleomaceae) is a small-sized annual herb with branches, up to 1 mm in height. The herb is native to tropical Africa, tropical Australia, Malaysia and South Arabia. It has become introduced in South Asia. 

Common names: Holud hurhuri,  Asian spider flower, Dog mustard, Yellow Spider Flower, Wild mustard, Sticky cleome.

Leaves are palmately compound, leaflets 3-5, odorous, glandular, hairy, viscose, elliptical-ovate, 1-4 cm long.

Flowers are pale yellow, on axillary raceme. Sepals 4, 3-6 mm long, hairy and glandular, petals 4 and 8-15 mm long, stamens numerous and 4-8 mm long. The plant produces flower from January to June. Fruit is 4-7 mm long, viscose and hairy; seed dark brown to black.

Leaves are used in paratyphoid, dysentery, bronchitis, gonorrhea, ear-sore and external application to wounds and ulcers. The seeds are anthelmintic and carminative and are used in arthritis, piles, worm and fever. Leaves are often eaten as vegetables.

It is found everywhere in Bangladesh as weed.


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