Kanchon or Orchid tree, Bauhinia variegata
Rokto kanchon or Orchid tree (Bauhinia variegata, family: Caesalpiniaceae) is a small or medium-sized deciduous tree with numerous and scattered branches. Trunk is short. Bark is rough, grey-colored. As an ornamental plant it is found in parks, gardens, botanical gardens in Bangladesh. The home of the beautiful flowering plant is South and Southeast Asia.
Other names: Rokto kanchon, Lal kanchon.
It can be easily identified by looking at its leaves. Suddenly it looks like a pair of wings of butterfly. These are green, ovate, parltly bilobed, shiny, 8-12 cm long, apex emerginate, 11-15 veins, long-petioled.
Flowers are magenta with reddish tone, edge slightly white, sweet-scented, 5-6 cm wide, borne on inflorescence. Petals 5, sepals 5; stamens 5, uneven.
It is an iconic flower of spring of Indian subcontinent, especially in Greater Bangla. It blooms during February-April. Its white flowers are also seen in Bangladesh, and of the same species.
Different parts of the plant also play a very beneficial role in healing asthma, stomach ailments and wounds. Roots are poisonous and it is used as the antidote of snakebite. This tree is considered as a sacred plant by the Buddhist community of the country.
It is propagated by seeds and cuttings. The seedlings of the fast-growing plant grow easily from seeds. It flowers within a year of planting. One last thing to say, many people confuse it with Debkanchon. Kanchon blooms in spring, Debkanchon in late autumn. Kanchon's color is reddish magenta, Debkanchon light magenta.