Jibon or Indian nettle tree, Trema orientalis

Jibon or Indian nettle tree (Trema orientalis, family: Ulmaceae) is a fast growing medium-sized tree with green trunk and branches, attaining a height of 10 m. It is usually found in the form of bushes on fallow lands and beside the roads. It is a very common tree in Bangladesh. The evergreen tree is also found in South and Southeast Asia and tropical Africa. 

Other names: Chikon, Jinal, Gobor-jiga, Bon-jiga, Charcoal tree (Eng).

Leaves are hairy on both sides; cordate or round at the bsae, elliptic-lanceolate, 6-12 cm long and 3-4 cm wide, hairy, alternate, serrated, elongated and pointed apex.

Flowers are greenish white, tiny. Male and female flowers grow in the same tree or in separate trees. These bloom round the year.

Fruits are round-elliptic, tiny too. The fruits turn black when ripe. Propagatioin is caused by seeds and cuttings.

Adicoction of the root is used for the treatment of diarrhoea and the passing of blood in the urine. The root, bark and leaves are used in epilepsy. The bark as a poultice for muscular pains. 

Wood is used to make match box and packing box of tea. Rope can be made from its fibrous wood.


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