Bangladesh is a rich land of biodiversity. About 6000 species of plants are gathered in such a small area of 147570 sq km.
We are trying to introduce the flora of Bangladesh in a pack from the naturalist view, not from the eye of plant-expert. For this, there will be some unwanted mistakes.
Needless to say, pics used in this site are all original. The information is gathered here from the personal notes, collected books and from different websites.
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Bel or Wood apple, aegle marmelos
Bel or Wood apple (aegle marmelos, rutaceae) is a spiny deciduous tree with many branches, attaining a height of 10-12 m. Bark is grey, soft. The tree has been regarded as sacred plant to Hindu community. The medium-sized tree is a very popular homestead tree.
It has been planted in Hindu temples in the subcontinent for thousand of years. The leafy tree can be planted by roads and highways and in park and gardens as an ornamental plant.
Leaves are tri-foliate, wild-scented, alternate, green. There are hard thorns at the bottom of leaves. Leaves fall off in summer. Leaflet is lanceolate, 8-10 cm long and 4-6 cm wide.
Flowers are white with greenish touch, bisexual, sweet-scented. Petals 4, fleshy, calyx shortened, stamens numerous. Flowers bloom in March-May.
Fruits are round, big, woody, edible, sweet-scented. The fruit matures for almost 8 months after the flowering occurs. Propagation is by seeds.
It has a valuable medicinal use. The fruit is nutritious and stomachic. Leaves are effective in cold. Raw fruit can cure blood dysentery and ripe fruit can cure constipation.
Juice from ripe fruit is very popular in Bangladesh as well as Indian subcontinent. The wood is yellowish or whitish. It can be easily polished.
The insects are very carazy abour the Bel flowers!
Bilvah is the Sanskrit name of the plant. The trifoliate leaves are the must used matter to Hindu worship.