Holud hurhuri, Asian spider flower, cleome viscosa

Holud hurhuri (cleome viscosa, family: cleomaceae) is a small-sized annual herb with branches, up to 1 mm in height. The herb is native to tropical Africa, tropical Australia, Malaysia and South Arabia. It has become introduced in South Asia. 

Common names: Holud hurhuri,  Asian spider flower, Dog mustard, Yellow Spider Flower, Wild mustard, Sticky cleome.

Leaves are palmately compound, leaflets 3-5, odorous, glandular, hairy, viscose, elliptical-ovate, 1-4 cm long.

Flowers are pale yellow, on axillary raceme. Sepals 4, 3-6 mm long, hairy and glandular, petals 4 and 8-15 mm long, stamens numerous and 4-8 mm long. The plant produces flower from January to June. Fruit is 4-7 mm long, viscose and hairy; seed dark brown to black.

It is found everywhere in Bangladesh as weed.

Leaves are used in paratyphoid, dysentery, bronchitis, gonorrhea, ear-sore and external application to wounds and ulcers. The seeds are anthelmintic and carminative and are used in arthritis, piles, worm and fever. Leaves are often eaten as vegetables.