Debdaru, polyalthia longifolia

Debdaru (polyalthia longifolia, family: annonaceae) is an evergreen tree with straight trunk, horizontal branches, smooth and dark bark. It can get a height up to 90 m. 


 Common names: Debdaru, Indian fir tree.


The beautiful tree is native to Indian subcontinent. 


Leaves are glossy green, about 5-20 cm long, lanceolate, with wavy edges. 


The tree is covered with inconspicuous, yellowish green and closely compacted flowers in the spring. It blooms in April.



Immature fruits are green and when ripe they are deep purple or black. 


The three stages of the fruits. 


Wood is aromatic and used to cure burning, piles, urinary problem. Oil extracted from seeds is used in leprosy and other skin diseases. Its seeds and bark are used in fever. 


It can reduce noise pollution and can increase the beauty of a road. For this it is commonly planted in Bangladesh. 


Its timber is light yellow and used to make plywood, match box and packing box.


It can stay alive up to 600 years in its natural habitats.




Debdaru means ‘the tree of the gods’. 


Propagation of the plant is done by seeds.