Til, Sesame, sesamum indicum

Til, Sesame (sesamum indicum, family: pedaliaceae) is an annual herb with hollow stem and branches attaining a height of 50 to 100 cm. The plant is originated in Africa. It is cultivated as crop throughout the tropical world. 


Common names: Sesame, Til.


Leaves are opposite, broad lanceolate, dark green, 4-14 cm long with an entire margin


Sesame or Til seed is one of the oldest oil-seed crops of the world. 


Flower is hairy, white or light pink, borne on leaf axil; 3-5 cm long with a four-lobed mouth. In Bangladesh, it blooms generally in April-May. 


Sesame fruit is a  rectangular capsule, 2-7 cm long, covered with tiny soft hair.




Tiler khaja, a type of sweetened food made from sesame seed is very popular in Bangladesh.


Propagation of the plant is caused by seeds. Seeds are usually off-white in color.



Sesame is energising, carminative and diuretic. It increases breast milk and sperms in male. It has been found useful in dyspepsia and dysentery. Oil extracted from seeds is used on skin.