Kakrol, Spiny gourd, momordica dioica

Kaakrol, Spiny gourd (momordica dioica, family: cucurbitaceae) is a perennial, dioecious, climbing creeper, originated from Indo-Malayan region and gradually found in East Asia, Polynesia, tropical Africa and South America.

Common names: Kakrol, Spiny gourd, Teasel gourd, Bristly Balsam Pear, prickly carolaho.

The yellowish and oval-shaped fruits have soft prickle. Seeds are egg-shaped, emarginate.

Leaves are petioled, 4-8 cm long and 3-6 cm wide, broadly ovate, base cordate, margin denticulate, apex acute.

Flowers are single, axillary, whitish, yellow at the centre. 

Momordica dioica is used as a vegetable in Bangladesh, India, as well as South Asian countries.

The climber has tuberous roots and simple tendrils.

It is used in the treatment of hypertension, diabetes and  to relieve pain.