Hijol, Indian oak, barringtonia acutangula

Hijol or Indian oak (barringtonia acutangula, family: lecythidaceae) is a medium-sized evergreen tree, native to riverine Bangladesh. This water-friendly is found in the wetlands of Bangladesh. The species is widely distributed to South and Southeast Asia and Australasia.


                                        Common Names: Hijal, Hijagal, Hendol, Indian oak.

Leaves are short petioled, serrated, 7-12 cm long and 3-7 cm wide, crowded at the end of the branches.Flowers are small, pink to red, sub-sessile, purple red with numerous stamens. Inflorescence is 20-30 cm long, pendulous raceme, flower openning from top to downwards. The 4-merous flowers are grouped in long & pendulous racemes up to 20-30 cm long. The cup-shaped calyx is light green in color. Flowers bloom in April-May. 


Its bark has tannin which is useful for heart diseases. Powder of seeds works expectorant and applied to cure cough of children. Tonic is prepared from leaves and roots. Fish poison is also prepared from its roots. 


Fruit is berry, green, 3-5 cm long , 4-winged when young. The plant is propagated by seeds. This evergreen tree is known as Dhatriphal in Sanskrit.