Murba or Snake plant, Dracaena trifasciata
Murba or Snake plant (Dracaena trifasciata, family: Asparagaceae) is an annual rhizomatous herb without stem. It is one of the most attractive ornamental plants to gardeners that can grow with very little care. The leafy plant is drought tolerant and native to West Africa. As an ornamental plant it is found in gardens, medicinal gardens, parks, offices and road islands in Bangladesh.
Other names: Shutahar, Ghora-chokkro (Bang), Mother-in-law's tongue (Eng).
Leaves are long, twisted, thick, stiff, sword-like, 60-90 cm long and 4-6 cm wide, criss-crossed with numerous black and white stripes. A attractive variegated cultivar which is called Laurentii has yellow-colored edges and numerous black stripes.
Flowers are greenish white, scented, clustered on long raceme inflorescence, bisexual. These bloom in spring.
Fruits are globose, berry, red or orange, 1-3 seeded. These ripen in the rainy season. Propagation is caused by cutting of leaves and rhizome division.
It is used in breathing problem, tuberculosis and dry cough. Its roots are used in blood contamination, gonorrhea and leprosy. Net, hat, basket, mat can be made from its fibers. Fabrics are also made from its fibers somewhere in Central Asia. It can be planted as fence of garden or the boundary of home. It is also suitable for pot. It can be also kept as an indoor plant.
Synonyms: Sansevieria trifasciata, Sansevieria aureovariegata, Sansevieria jacquinii, Sansevieria laurentii, Sansevieria trifasciata
Other plant of Asparagaceae family available in the site: Shotomuli or Shatawari, Asparagus racemosus