Ulot-chondal or Flame lily (Gloriosa superba, family: Liliaceae) is an annual creeper with soft and slender stem, climbing bushes in wilderness. It is native to much of Africa and Asia. The creeper gives one of the most beautiful and exceptional flowers in the liliaceae family. The plant is propagated by rhizome or seed. It is a good ornamental plant and can be grown on pot. In Bangladesh, it is planted as an ornamental plant in garden and parks. In Bangla it is also called Ognishikha.
Common names: Flame lily, Glory lily, Fire lily.
Leaves are simple, sessile, glabrous, alternate, ovate-lanceolate, 6-10 cm long and 1-3 cm wide, venation parallel.
A blooming flower is 8-9 cm across
Flowers grow from leaf axil as single on long pedicel. Petals 6, red-yellow to red, leaning downwards, edge irregularly wavy, stamens 6, erect. Flower mainly blooms in the summer. Genus name 'superba' derives form its spectacular fire-like flowers.
The top part of the leaves are converted into tentacles.
After fruiting the plant dries in autumn and dies down to the ground in winter. The next year it rises from the dormant tuber. Rhizome and leaves are used for killing lice and relieving rheumatic pain. These are also used in worm, swelling and pimple.
Guloncho or Heart-leaved moonseed ( Tinospora cordifolia , family: Menispermaceae) is a deciduous creeper with hard and long stem, climbing other trees or fences. Bark on the stem is as thin as paper. Aerial roots come out of the stem when the plant grows older. The plant is found everywhere in Bangladesh except southern part. It is also native to South and Southeast Asia. Common names: Heart-leaved moonseed, Guduchi, Giloy, Guloncho, Guroncho, Padma guloncho. Leaves are simple, green, alternate, cordate, 6-15 cm long and 5-13 cm wide. Inflorescence, growing from the axil of leaflet branches, bears yellow flowers. Male and female flowers bloom separately. Sepals 6, arranged in two rows, petal 6, pistils 3. Fruit is a drupe, brilliant red when ripe. This attractive fruit is inedible to human. What an extensive climber! Tinospora cordifolia is used in weakness, tastelessness, rheumatis
Lal shonail or Pink shower ( Cassia javanica , family: Fabaceae) is a medium-sized deciduous tree with knotted and shortened trunk, attaining a height of 12-16 m. Bark is grey. Young shoots are silky. Its spreading branches sometimes almost touch the ground towards the peripherry. It is an ideal tree for planting in a large garden. It is found in the hilly forests of Sylhet and Chattogram in Bangladesh. As a beautiful ornamental tree, it is planted in parks, botanical gardens, gardens and roadsides in the country. It is also found in various tropical countries of Asia. At the beginning of summer, the canopy of the tree is covered with flowers in such a way that it looks as if a pink fountain is waiting to fall. In order to get colorful colors in summer, you have to plant this tree in the garden with Jarul , Krishnochura , Shonalu and Konokchura . Leaves are spectacular. These are compound, 12-24; leaflets elliptic-oblong, 2.5-4.5 cm and 2-3.5 cm wide. Flowers are scented, pink
Kulekhara or Talmakhna ( Hygrophila auriculata , family: Acanthaceae) is a stout and erect herb with straight and undivided stem. The spiny plant is very popular as a medicinal plant in Bangladesh as well as the Indian subcontinent. Other names: Kulekkha, Kuiley-rekha, Kanta kalika, Shoolmordon. Leaves are lanceolate, subsessile, acute at both ends with long whitish hairs, dense with straight and stout thorns that grow from each node. Outer leaves are longer than the inner ones. Both leaves and thorns remain in upward direction. Flowers in axillary whorls. They are bright violet or bluish purple and red, sometimes whitish with soft and minor hair, corolla 2-lipped. Flower blooms in the winter. Fruit a capsule, 4-8-seeded. Seeds are ovoid (not in the pic). The body of the plant contains alkaloids, phytosterols, stigmasterol, lupeol and essential oils. Its seeds contain oil, enzymes and sterols. The plant is cooling and diuretic in cases of h